History of coffee is complex and delicious like coffee itself. The coffee road began in Africa and the magical potion continued its journey in Asia, Europe and the Americas.
Before 1000 BC - tribesmen in Ethiopia found that if you drink fruits coffee tree, have more energy during the day.
1000 BC - Arab traders bring coffee on their land and start cultivating it for the first time in plantations. Is the time when the coffee tree beans are cooked and turned into a drink they call "qahwa" (in translation "beverage banish sleep").
1453 - Coffee is brought to Constantinople where it opens first store in the world. Also Turkish law gives woman the right to divorce her husband if he does not bring daily intake of coffee.
1511 - Khair Beg, the corrupt governor of Mecca, tries to ban coffee, which he considered the source power of the people to resist to his reign. Sultan heard and because he believes that coffee is sacred, commanded that the governor to be killed.
1600 - Coffee is introduced into Italy and Pope Clementin VIII "baptizes" drink coffee that allowed Christians.
1645 - Italian opens first coffee store in Venice.
1668 - Coffee is America's favorite beverage. New York beer - favorite breakfast drink is replaced with coffee.
1672 - opens first coffee store in Paris
1690 - The Dutch become the first transportations and commercial growers of coffee, getting smuggled
some twigs from Arab countries. The first plantations are made in the colony India.
1700 - In London there were over 2000 cafes. King Charles III, forbids them because in these places are plotting revolution. The ban lasted only 11 days because the resistance of the people.
1727 - Brazil's coffee industry began with love. Brazilian Colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta had an affair with the wife of Guiana French Governor.This ingenious lady, when leaves the colonel, sent him as a gift a bouquet of flowers that hide coffee tree twigs.
1732 - Johann Bach composed Sevastian "Kaffee-Kant" - ode to coffee.
1900 - Hill Bros begins to pack grinder and roasted coffee in vacuum bags. Such ubiquitous, goes to disappear roasting shops and coffee mill.
1901 - Luigi Bezzera in Italy invented the first espresso machine.
1946 - Achilles Gaggia perfects the first espresso and cappuccino drink is so named after the color similarity with the Capuchin order of monks robes.
2000 - After the oil industry, the coffee comes second worldwide in terms of economic importance. Clearly differentiates the top 10 coffee producers in the world. Countries like Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia and Colombia succeed to sustain the national economy in manufacturing and exporting coffee.
"The first breath of coffee is bitter as life. The second is sweet as love. The third is mysterious as death."
I wish you all a very good and tireless weekend.